I wanted to write-up the result of a code challenge that I completed a while ago. I was asked to create a tabbed iOS app with sectioned tables, pulling video thumbnails and article titles into different sections. Clicking on a thumbnail or article title would display the corresponding video or article in a separate view. Adding to the challenge, I was asked to provide bookmarking capability for the videos and articles. The bookmarked content would be visible in a second tab.
Challenge Details and GitHub app
The full details of the challenge and resulting project can be found at:
I recently took on a code challenge that was delivered in an interesting fashion. I was given a video that showed the manipulation of two images and was asked to create an iOS app that had the same behavior as the video.
After watching the video (many times), I extracted the following requirements for my app:
This article discusses the techniques I use for bookmarking code and adding log statements for both Objective-C and Swift.
When I develop code I often find a need to temporarily reference different sections that I’m working on, either within the same file or in many different files. Prior to Xcode 4 there was apparently a means to set and jump to bookmarks with keyboard shortcuts as mentioned in the article Killer Xcode Tips and Tricks – Tips 1 to 10 (see tips 7 and 8).
Posted in Objective-C, Swift
Tagged bookmark, debugging, downcast, iOS, logging, macro, objective c, pragma, preprocessor, Swift, Xcode
I was in the process of creating an illustrative Swift project that performed some video conversions when I ran across an interesting bug.
The bug first manifested itself when I was attempting to set the opacity of a AVMutableVideoCompositionLayerInstruction object as part of a method that was creating a AVVideoComposition object.
videolayerInstruction.setOpacity(0.0, atTime: mytime)
Here mytime is a CMTime structure that is the AVAsset duration.
When I ran this on the simulator, I got an exception with the message “The time of an opacity setting must be numeric.”
Debugging the error
After searching Google and the Apple Developer forums, I could not find any reference to my error message or any issue related to CMTime in this context.
Since I had used similar code in Objective-C, I started the process to narrow down the error. I first attempted to call a simple Objective-C method from Swift that would set the opacity (passing in videolayerInstruction as first arg and mytime as second arg). This provoked the same error. I discovered that the CMTime structure was corrupted in the Objective-C method.
Through trial and error I found that the corruption would not occur if I reversed the order of the arguments to the Objective-C call. Corruption also did not happen if I passed the structure by reference. A different structure type (I used CGSize) also did not encounter any corruption.
The end result of my investigation was that the error that I was seeing only occurred under very specific circumstances. In particular:
- Only with Swift to Objective C call.
- Only on simulator with iPhone 4S and iPhone 5 configurations.
- CMtime structure passed as second argument.
I suspect that the underlying issue may be a 32 bit versus 64 bit consideration since the iPhone 5S was the first device to introduce 64 bit processing.
Bug report and Github example project
An Apple bug report was filed today. An example project has been uploaded to Github at https://github.com/scottcarter/CMTimeBug